Calling blacktails – Top 10 questions & answers

by Tom Ryle on October 23, 2017

“You ready?” I mouthed to my friend Mark, who had just hunkered down and nocked an arrow. He gave me an affirmative nod from beneath the sopping wet hood of his rain parka. Moments later, the clash of antlers shattered the silence of the damp forest above a steep gully in front of us. I continued mashing my shed antlers together as I thrashed them through ferns and pounded them through brittle alder limbs on the ground. Mark was 30 yards to my right where he could see down into and across the sword fern-lined ravine. I was set back from the edge about 10 feet, and behind some brush so I could do my thing undetected.

Moments later, I spotted the chocolate brown tines of a hefty 4×4 buck bobbing through the ferns 80 yards away. Flashes of his white muzzle periodically shown between small openings as he moved quickly toward us. When the buck reached the far edge of the gully, he stopped and scanned the area. His ears were forward and locked in our direction. Fearing he would leave if he didn’t soon identify the source of the commotion, I slowly leaned back and thumped an antler base into the ground behind me with a dull thud. He snapped his head in my direction and began making his way down into the draw, angling downhill slightly. At that moment, I knew he would soon emerge right in Mark’s lap!

*   *   *

Each year during my blacktail strategies seminars I get a number of questions around the topic of calling blacktails so I thought I’d take some time to answer the top 10 questions in a simple Q&A format, and in no particular order. Remember that the mating season is a complex continuum of factors that influence deer behavior from September through December.

I define “calling” as any intentional sound that I make to elicit a response from a deer. Sure, I use commercially manufactured game calls, real antlers, and my voice but just like calling elk, there are many other natural sounds that are used in conjunction with these tools to round out a comprehensive calling strategy.

1. What’s going on in the deer woods during the rut?

I’ll summarize what’s happening between September and December to establish a foundation for the remaining nine questions.

In my opinion, the breeding ritual for all antlered species begins the day they rub the velvet from their antlers. I encourage you to read up about the physiological changes that cause antlers to harden, but for hunting purposes, just know that when the velvet comes off, blacktails shift to a more nocturnal pattern and begin establishing the pecking order within their home range. I have trailcam photos & video of this velvet shedding process happening between September 1-5th but it can certainly vary based upon health and other factors.

Bucks are still in their social summer groups and older deer will become more solitary as the month progresses. Younger bucks are often seen feeding together and engaged in light and even playful sparring as the hormones begin to stir and they feel each other out. Most immature bucks will tend to hang out together throughout the entire breeding cycle. As September comes to a close, mature bucks will become extremely difficult to locate during daylight hours. First and last light glassing are your best bets. Trail cameras are invaluable in getting into the specifics of a mature buck’s whereabouts but remember that the more you are in there stomping around and spreading your scent, the more likely he’ll adapt and virtually disappear until the following summer. Take extra precautions to err on the side of extreme stealth and scent control.

October is a magical month and a great time to observe deer behavior, both bucks and does. It’s the month of the pre-rut or seeking phase. Two and three year old bucks are most visible and can be seen almost anywhere chasing and harassing does as mid-month approaches. But the does are nowhere near ready to breed so these teenage antics become tiresome for does. Mature bucks don’t typically engage in this aggressive chasing until late in the month or in early November when they have located a hot doe they want to breed. Still, their approach is more calculated and deliberate. They know the routine and will sequester a hot doe away from other deer until she is ready to breed. This typically occurs during the last week of October into the first week of November. Remember that does want to be bred by mature dominant bucks so you can gain valuable clues by focusing your efforts on the does in your hunting area.

80-90% of does will be bred in the blacktail woods during the month of November. I have determined that the peak breeding occurs around November 12-14th in my areas. It may vary so your best bet is to witness breeding behavior or count back about 200 days from when you see the first fawns in June. That will get you very close to knowing when does were bred in that particular area.

At this point in the breeding ritual, competition is at its peak. The trick is that many mature bucks are now in lockdown with a doe, and the woods can seem very lonely. The days leading up to and just after the peak breeding dates can be very productive times to call in a buck with fawn bleats and/or rattling antlers.

2. When should I try rattling?

Rattling is most effective after October 15th and continues to ramp through about the third week of November. That said, I rattled in a nice velvet buck into 10 yards in mid-August! Blacktails are curious and you just never know when it will pay off and create a shot opportunity.

I have also had excellent results around the second week of December. As mentioned above, 10-15% of the does that weren’t bred in November will come back into estrous in December, 28 days after their first estrous cycle. Some of these deer will be yearlings that are still hanging with their mother. This is a time you can capitalize on a condition where there are few does to breed and lots of bucks that still have raging hormones and the instinct to breed.

3. Do blacktails grunt?

Yes they do. A lot. But it’s much softer that you might expect after seeing guys blowing on grunt calls on TV. It’s a much softer grunt and they will grunt while tending a doe as they get close to breeding. It’s a way to entice the doe and let her know he is staying with her until she’s ready. It also serves to let other bucks know he’s laid claim to this particular doe. Grunt calls can pull in curious bucks and those who might be looking to challenge a doe suitor.

4. What is a snort-wheeze and what does it mean?

A snort-wheeze is an aggressive threat call that bucks make when in close proximity to each other. I first witnessed this several years ago at very close range. I had two young bucks square off and start fighting less that five yards from my natural ground blind. They were bristled and pacing around each other while making this sound. It’s a call made by forcing air out through clinched nostrils. They make an abrupt snort immediately followed by a forced exhale which emulates a buzzing wheeze sound that fades over 3-4 seconds as they exhale. If you hear this sound, there are TWO bucks in your immediate area, and you may be able to sneak in for a shot because they will be intently focused on each other.

5. What is the ideal setup for calling and/or rattling?

The ideal setup is a calm, still day, preferably frosty or very close to freezing. I like the sound to really travel and reach out there. I prefer to call adjacent to feeding areas during early morning and evening, and downwind of bedding areas during midday hours. I like to setup so a deer would have to come look for the source of the sound. They will know exactly where the sound is coming from so you need to ensure you are in a spot that will require them to move to you. And you must give it time! I can’t count the times I have been impatient and busted by a sneaky buck at 25 yards. I always expect deer to circle downwind so I set up accordingly for my shooting lanes. I wait a minimum of 30 minutes before moving to a new location.

6. How does your rattling sequence change from October through December?

Rattling intensity should match the natural progression of the rut phases. In early October, it’s more about light sparring (tickling on antlers) than all-out shoving matches, which occur late in the month. A simple breakdown might look like this:

October 1-15
Low volume, light sparring. One 15-30 second session twice per hour or per location if you are on the move.

October 15-25
Medium volume. More intense sparring, sessions may last 45-90 seconds on 20 minute intervals.

October 25 – November 20
Medium to high volume. Ramp your sequences up to intense sparring and shoving, thrashing brush, breaking sticks. My sequences build over time to simulate two bucks who aren’t willing to back down. The first session will be short, maybe 15 seconds. I want to reach deer within earshot that might be close. I wait 20 minutes and start again for about 30 seconds followed by a 20-minute wait. Repeat with sessions lasting up to a minute. After three sessions, I wait about 45-60 minutes then repeat or move to a new area.

November 20 – December 31
Medium volume. Ramp from medium to intense sparring, sessions may last 45-90 seconds on 20-minute intervals. Wait 45-60 minutes before moving locations.

7. Does weather change your approach to calling?

Yes, as mentioned above, sound will travel much further when the air is crisp and calm. On rainy days I often will forgo my natural antlers and use a synthetic rattling bag instead. I’ve found the sound to be louder with the rattle bag but ensure you don’t have one with wooden dowels. They are worthless in the wet and difficult to keep dry.

8. How do you rattle effectively from a treestand?

Many people enjoy excellent results rattling from an elevated position. This can work well and sound natural in hilly topography where it’s more natural for the sound to be coming from an elevated position. When I’m in flat terrain, I will often “jig” my antlers on a pull-up rope and let them bang together in the ferns, salal, and thump the ground. This sounds very realistic and if you see a buck coming you can simply let go of the cord to get ready for a shot.

9. I’ve read that rattling will usually bring in lesser bucks. Is this true?

Yes, in general. Most of the bucks I’ve rattled in; both whitetails and blacktails have been 2-3 year old bucks. And most come in pretty quick, usually within about five minutes. Older bucks tend to come in on a walk and stop often to look and listen. They are cautious and will often hang up for 10 or more minutes at a time. Count on them circling downwind before getting into bow range and be sure to use vegetation, blowdowns, etc. to your advantage. Imagine where you want the buck to be for your shot and set up accordingly. Gun hunters have a much better opportunity for circling deer.

10. What doe bleat sounds do you make, when and why?

I will use doe bleats throughout October, November and December. A doe will bleat out of frustration when getting harassed by young bucks, to communicate with her fawn(s), and other times while feeding amongst other deer. It’s not a loud call and is generally a social call so I haven’t had too many bad experiences while bleating to other deer. Consider that if you blow on any call, you are telling deer exactly where you are. Don’t play with the call. Use it sparingly and consider what you are trying to communicate. If you’re not sure, then it’s probably best to hold off.


Calling & rattling deer doesn’t work all the time. It’s simply another tool you can employ to tip the odds in your favor. And it’s an exciting way to truly engage in the hunt. You have the unique opportunity to create a shot opportunity from thin air instead of waiting for one to present itself. With practice, you’ll gain confidence. With confidence, you’ll try it more often and experiment. And from there, you’ll continue to learn and enjoy some success.

You may be wondering if my buddy Mark was able to get that buck at the beginning of this post. Well, it was quite a show but no, unfortunately he did not. A soaking wet finger tab flub (this was 1991 and we all shot fingers back then) caused an errant shot that missed clean at a mere 8-10 yards. As the buck tore back down into the ravine I grunted loudly with my voice and hit the antlers so hard, I cut myself pretty good with a sharp tine. The buck slammed on the brakes and started to come back but this time he circled wide to scent check my position. I lost sight of him at about 45 yards and I could only assume he winded me.

I hope this post answered some of your questions and helped illustrate my approach to calling blacktails. I’d love to hear about your experiences or answer any questions in the comments section below.

Good luck!


10 tips to tag your blacktail

by Tom Ryle on October 6, 2017

It’s been a long, hot summer in the Pacific Northwest and I’ll go on record to say I’m glad to see cooler temps and the first leaves of fall floating off the trees. October is here and I’m getting fired up about hunting my favorite deer – the Columbian Blacktail.

Whether you hunt with a bow, muzzleloader, or rifle, these elusive west coast deer are difficult to hunt and provide ample challenge for new and veteran hunters alike. While I’d like to offer a secret playbook to guarantee success, I’m afraid one doesn’t exist. Instead I’ll share 10 tips and tactics that have helped me solve a few blacktail riddles and enable me punch my tag more often than not.

  1. Hunt year-round

No, I’m not suggesting you break the law. Instead, become a year-round observer and student of blacktail behavior and habits. Actively learn about the deer in your hunting areas all year long to gain a more detailed understanding of their habits. Your goal is to build a database of information so that when those precious days of hunting season arrive, you are ready with a solid game plan. You’ve done your homework – stands are hung, access figured out, etc.

Don’t leave it all to chance. Driving roads with the rest of the crowds might pay off now and again but we’re after consistency, right? I cover this in depth in my 6-part series. 

  1. Use technology for scouting

Nothing will replace quality time walking prospective hunting grounds. However, you can optimize the efficiency and effectiveness of your scouting by utilizing tools such as onXmaps (now onXhunt), Google Earth, and trail cameras, which have become very affordable in recent years. These tools allow you to identify potential feed areas, travel routes, funnels, and access strategies, thus maximizing your time and better informing where you should be putting in time on the ground.

  1. Seek out mixed forest habitat

Similar to whitetail deer, blacktails are edge dwellers and thrive in mixed forests where they find an abundance of quality food sources, excellent escape cover, and plenty of bedding options. Even when hunting large timber company tracts, pay particular attention to the drainage buffers left adjacent to and within clear-cuts, abandoned logging skid roads, and areas where recent thinning operations have occurred. A stand of 50-80 year old Douglas fir bordered on one side by a 2-4 year old clear-cut and a mixed stand of primarily maple, alder and hemlock is optimal.

  1. Concentrate on microhabitats 

Taking the common tactic of ‘using hunting pressure to your advantage’ one step further, I often find that those drive-by spots that are too small or maybe even too obvious to hunt can be gold mines. Like the time I got a response from a bull elk at a crowded gate parking area, sometimes getting away from the crowds isn’t about going in deeper; it’s about staying closer to roads, traffic, and industrial areas. A blacktail buck’s home range will get smaller with age and they don’t need much space to thrive.  I cover more about this topic in another post.

  1. Focus on doe groups 

Using a map and a notebook, keep detailed record of the does you encounter throughout the year. Mark sighting locations on your map and make notes about what are they are doing, what time of day, the weather conditions, etc. Everything you observe is valuable over time. Does don’t stray much from their core areas so the more you can learn about how and where does move about, feed, and bed, the better equipped you’ll be once the bucks start sniffing around to check their estrous status.

Fawns begin to drop around the first week of June each year. This is a great time to get cameras out and take note of when you see the first fawns of the year. Page back about 200 calendar days and you’ll be very close to the date the doe was bred. This is very important in determining the timing of peak breeding in your hunting area.

  1. Use a wind checker – always

Second only to my bow, my Elmer’s glue bottle filled with corn starch is the second most important piece of gear I carry in the deer (and elk) woods. Deer are curious and may stand for several minutes trying to figure out movements or sounds. Not so when it comes to human scent. You must hunt into or cross wind, and you must be cognizant of the wind direction at all times. When I’m in an elevated treestand, I often float tiny goose down feathers because they hang effortlessly in the air and you can watch them for a long time to see what the wind is doing much further from your stand.

  1. Learn blacktail communication

A lot can be written here but essentially, you can benefit greatly from understanding basic body language, vocalizations, and the role of numerous scent glands. A wagging or flicking of the tail is a calm deer. A straight-out tail indicates they are on alert. Bucks will have their tails straight out and bob them repeatedly when tending a doe. Fawn bleats are higher pitched than doe bleats, and buck grunts are not as deep and guttural as the sound many commercial grunt calls make. And blacktails do snort-wheeze when they are sizing up an interloper, just like a whitetail.  These are a few tidbits, but there are many more to learn about.

Be willing to try new tactics such as calling, scent usage, and even decoys where conditions call for it. I’ve been experimenting with my custom painted decoy for a few years in certain spots and it’s been interesting to see how deer react to it.

The pre-rut can be one of the best times to kill a mature buck. Stealing from the whitetail playbook you can make mock signpost rubs and illicit deer to check them almost immediately. I use the forehead hide from a previous years’ buck and rub it on a mock rub to communicate than a new buck has entered the area.  Using a trail camera you’ll see how quickly a buck will be on that rub.  It’s just like dogs peeing on another dog’s pee to lay claim to the area and/or leave their calling card.

If you are interested in using scent products, keep in mind that a little goes a long way. A great first-time scent tactic is to do a scent drag around your stand location in the shape of a figure 8, where the center of the “8” is your stand or blind.  The size is dependent on the terrain and habitat. This way any deer that follows the trail will wind up in your shooting lane, provided they stick with the plan. Always wear scent-free knee-high rubber boots and rubber gloves when handling scents as to not contaminate them with human scent.

  1. Hunt the storms

Blacktail activity tends to increase during those cold, nasty storms of late October and November. It’s not the most pleasant time to be afield but if you’ve got your sights on filling your buck tag, it’s time to suit up and get in the game. High winds make it difficult for deer to discern movement and sound so they rely on their eyesight and nose to keep them safe. Also, storms blow a lot of high quality food to the ground in the form of lichens and leaves.  And finally, the various phases of the rut are in play so it makes sense to see deer up and moving during these storms.

  1. Look for the muzzle and don’t freeze

I love hunting from treestands and ground blinds but still-hunting is my favorite way to hunt blacktails. I can cover ground all day at a snails pace, stopping to rattle or just take a break to watch a nice opening or draw. When looking for deer in thick cover and in the shadows, it is often white muzzle hair of a buck that first catches my eye, especially in low light conditions. If you do spot a buck, I’ve learned that you can continue to move, even in plain sight if – IF – the buck doesn’t think you’ve seen him. Keep moving parallel slightly away to communicate that you are not a threat, draw you bow or ready your gun and stop only when you’re ready to take aim and shoot.

  1. Mix it up, hunt all day, and stay flexible 

As they should, most people hunt the first few hours of daylight and the last couple hours of daylight. These are peak activity periods so it makes good sense. But the rest of the day is often wide open for tagging your buck, yet few hunters stay out all day. Deer will hunker down at times of high human intrusion and become more active when the threat has dissipated, typically between around 10AM and 2 or 3PM. This is a great time to catch a buck up feeding or nosing a doe through an opening.

If you’ve lost your motivation, mix it up and try hunting a different season or using a different hunting method. Ground blinds are affordable and provide protection from wind and rain. Treestands, while not for everyone, offer great visibility and provide a new perspective. And they aren’t just for bowhunters.

Still-hunting into the wind through a mature timber stand is a great way to intercept a mature buck during any season.

If you’re a bowhunter hunting the December late season, take a set of rattling antlers with you and make something happen. I’ve rattled in numerous bucks around mid-December, which is about 28 days after peak breeding in November. This second rut can be magical with increased competition for the remaining estrous does. You have excellent opportunities to call in bucks with both rattling and soft doe bleats.

>>>—— BONUS TIP ———>

  1. Watch your back-trail

Blacktail bucks have a habit of holding their position instead of busting out in a mad dash to safety. They let you slip by, and then quietly circle around your location as you move through an area. For this reason, I often still-hunt diagonally into the wind so if a buck slips in behind me, I may get a shot opportunity before getting winded. Get in the habit of watching your back-trail – you may find the buck of your dreams standing in it.

Blacktails provide a challenging and unique hunting opportunity for those willing to put in the work. I hope these tips help tip the odds in your favor this fall. If you have a tip that has helped you fill your tags, I’d love to hear about it. Leave a comment below or shoot me an email at

Good luck!



(c) 2017 FreshTRAX Outdoors


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